In 1973, I became fascinated by the possibility of using light phenomena to make images without using a camera or an enlarger. While a graduate student at UCLA, I studied with the physicist Dr. Don Villerajo who tutored me in a non-mathematical understanding of aspects of light phenomena. As a result, I began to think of light as a material that I could use like any other medium. This recognition led to seventeen years of intensive exploration using a spectrum of light sources - visible, ultraviolet, X-Ray, computer generated, Xerox and the sun – to make visible unseen aspects of the physical world and the landscape of my imagination. I studied photography at UCLA with Robert Heinecken and in 1977 earned an MFA without using a camera.